罗马尼亚 has one of the highest poverty rates in the EU. 的 share of 罗马尼亚ns at risk of poverty after social transfers increased from 22.2012年9%至25.4% in 2015. However, the share of the population at risk of poverty and social exclusion decreased from 43.2012年为2%，至37岁.4% in 2015.
的 人力资本指数 quantifies the contribution of health and education to the productivity of the next generation of workers. 国家 can use it to assess how much income they are foregoing because of human capital gaps, and how much faster they can turn these losses into gains if they act now.